REACH - Informing more effective humanitarian action

Planning in Emergencies REACH was piloted for the first time in Kyrgyzstan in order to support the humanitarian response by providing dedicated assessment, database and web mapping services to several country-level clusters: Shelter, Protection, WASH, and Food Security cluster. REACH continues to work in Kyrgyzstan to contribute to the reconstruction, recovery and stabilization through socio-economic assessments and mapping exercises in the South of the country. Integrated Environmental Planning Throughout REACH’s interventions in Kyrgyzstan, the community has been involved in different forms of mapping such as winter pasture, in order to delimitate peacefully new boundaries in the case of conflict issues over natural resources. Another key feature of the mapping tool developed by REACH is the creation of early warning systems using mobile phones technologies, with SMS-based surveys.
Community Based Tourism in Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan
Community Based Tourism in Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan

Тheme: Location of CBT (Community Based Tourism) groups and service providers in Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan

Source of Data:CBT (Community Based Tourism) groups and service providers’ data was collected with the help of KCBTA (Kyrgyz Association of Community Based Tourism "Hospitality Kyrgyzstan") and TCBTA (Tajik Association of Community Based Tourism), in the framework of cross-border project "Uniting and Strengthening Community Based Tourism Associations in Central Asia."

Description: Data and photos of CBT groups (Community Based Tourism) and tourism service providers were provided by ACTED partners KCBTA and TCBTA. Information about 30 CBTs (15 in Kyrgyzstan, 15 in Tajikistan) is available in the form that was developed by ACTED. GIS team of ACTED has identified the locations of these tourism points and created a layer and published on REACH. Also, data were entered into Tourism MS Access database which is available online.

Date: August 2015




Community Hazard Vulnerability Assessment
Community Hazard Vulnerability Assessment

Тheme: Hazard Vulnerability Assessment was done at the community (mahalla) level, with analysis of hazard vulnerability risk according to risk factors.

Source of Data: Hazard Vulnerability Assessments were conducted by ACTED, under the framework of the DIPECHO VIII project, in selected communities in Tajikistan (20) and Kyrgyzstan (10).

Description: Information was collected through a Hazard and Vulnerability Assessment (HVA) process at community level in association with key members of the community. Data was reviewed in the field by CoES representatives in Tajikistan and by the Head of MoES Batken Oblast. A DRR expert was also consulted to ensure that the data matched disaster conditions on the ground and accurately reflected the level of risk faced by target communities.

Date: September 2014




Peace building initiatives in the south of Kyrgyzstan
Peace building initiatives in the south of Kyrgyzstan

Тheme: Initiatives on peace building implemented in the south of Kyrgyzstan

Source of Data: ACTED

Description: A 3W (Who/What/Where) matrix created by the Protection Cluster in the south was used as an initial source of data. The matrix is regularly updated by cluster members comprising basic information on various organizations and their activities related to peacebuildingin the south. ACTED then visited each actor in peace building to collect first-hand information on their initiatives, which involved field visits to target areas in Osh, Jalal-Abad and Batken Oblasts. The data collected were entered into a separate profile for each organization, which were sent back to surveyed organizations to confirm the accuracy and content of data. Upon receipt of final confirmations, the profiles were consolidated into a report on peace building initiatives in the south.
The given research on peace building initiatives in the south was conducted within the framework of “Women Building Peace” project funded by the European Union. The objective of the assessment is to inform key stakeholders on initiatives implemented in the south to promote peace and interethnic tolerance. It also aimed to help actors to avoid potential duplications among them, to generate collaborative projects and to find synergies among the initiatives. To achieve this, a total of 46 organizations were surveyed leading to the production of a comprehensive report and online interactive map on peace building initiatives in the south of Kyrgyzstan. The findings for each organization were consolidated into separate profiles in the report.

The profile for each organization contains the following data:
• The basic information on PB initiative implementer (the name of organization, the name of initiative, whose funding, the period of implementation)
• The main objective of peace building and/or conflict resolution initiative
• Geographical coverage and beneficiaries in the frame of PB initiative
• What were the main problems before implementing initiative?
• What conflicts/issues were addressed during/after implementation of the PB project?
• What were the obstacles/challenges during implementing initiative?
• What should be undertaken in the future for enforcing/improving initiatives on peace building?
• What should be done for better collaboration of projects’ implementers for coordination of joint efforts in peace building?
• Contact information of the organization

As such, the findings of the assessment can be accessed in hard copies from ACTED Kyrgyzstan offices or by visiting REACH (www.reach-initiative.kg) where peace building initiatives are mapped/categorized at village, city and municipality levels. Also, this report with relevant maps is available in project’s web-site: www.wbp.kg

Date: August 2014 – March 2015




Women
Women's Organisations

Theme: Women's Organisations

Source of Data: ACTED

Description: Data collection consisted of several stages. Initially, a database of NGOs listing 4600 NGOs was obtained from Department of Statistics of the Kyrgyz Republic and data on 150 NGOs from Civil Society Support Center Association. All this data was filtered to select only women organizations or organizations supporting women initiatives. This led to having 300 NGOs relevant for further assessment. Second filtering was done through calling each of the 300 NGOs identified to verify the data and determine if they are stilling existing and functional. 111 NGOs were found relevant and currently functional at this state. The project team then visited each of the 111 NGO to conduct focus group discussions with them. As a result and as a final stage of assessment, 68 NGOs were found currently functional from which the team collected quantitative and qualitative data described in detail in the directory.
Within the project “Women Building Peace”, funded by European Union was conducted data collection of women’s organizations to identify women organizations, actively functioning in the Kyrgyz Republic, in order to include them to national platform (www.wbp.kg), to national directory of women’ organizations and to web-map and project’s web.

Date: Decembre 2014




WFP Price Monitoring
WFP Price Monitoring

Socio-Economic Mapping

Theme: WFP Monthly Food Price Monitoring bulletin.

Source of data: WFP organization Monthly Price and Food Security Update Kyrgyz Republic data. Website.

Description: Prices of basic commodities in Rural and Urban Markets. Retail prices of basic commodities are monitored on a monthly basis in selected urban and rural markets in all oblasts (provinces) in the country. The latest retail prices are compared against prices in the previous month, three months ago, and one year ago. The data will be updated every month according to WFP organization analyses.

Date: March 2013




WFP Food Security Assessment
WFP Food Security Assessment

Socio-Economic Mapping

Theme: Household food insecurity level by oblast.

Source of data: “Food security assessment of Kyrgyz Republic” report (link).

Description: The statistically representative data at national, urban and rural levels, were obtained by adopting a two-stage cluster sampling approach to select localities and households. In each oblast and in Bishkek city 250 households were randomly selected. The final sample comprised 2,000 households, including 652 in urban areas and 1,348 in rural areas. The assessment collected the information needed to understand changes in household food security and coping capacities. Data were collected on demographics, livelihoods (income sources, food sources, and main expenditures), ownership of assets, food consumption patterns, food stocks, coping strategies, access to assistance, and priorities. The comparisons were made between 1) urban and rural areas, 2) oblasts, and 3) household food security levels. The same analytical method was used to estimate the degree of food insecurity at the household level (‘severely food insecure’, ‘moderately food insecure’, and ‘food secure’). Food insecurity levels were determined by combining the WFP standard Food Consumption Score (FCS) with the level of income as the food access indicator. Food insecurity levels were determined by combining the FCS (frequency and diversity of food intake based on seven-day recall) with the level of income as the economic food access indicator. The sampling approach that was used did not enable the identification of areas of high food insecurity below the level of oblasts, nor for individual cities in the oblasts.

Date: September 2012




Government Statistical Data
Government Statistical Data

Socio-Economic Mapping

Theme: The government statistical economic data at Ayil Okmutu (sub-district) community level.

Source of data: Data collected from Ayil Okmutu and District level community passports. Each passport is maintained by the community to prepare for the National Statistical committee. In 2011 (south) and 2012 (north), ACTED visited each individual Ayil Okmutu to collect this socio-economic information from community passports and general AO office sources.

Description: General statistics on the level of Ayil Okmutu (sub-district). The macro-level data was collected using trained reporters and data collection sheets distributed to every AO and Rayon administration office within that oblast. These reporters received training on the type of information to be collected, and how to collect it using the locally produced AO “passport” documents that are the rough equivalent of government yearly reports. These reporters would schedule a meeting with AO administration offices, describe the type of data desired, explain the ACTED produced data collection sheet, and request the administration to complete the form. The reporter would then give the administration several days to complete the collection sheet, and retrieve it. Each collection sheet was then scanned and its contents entered into standardized excel spreadsheets. These spreadsheets then were compiled to form an access database. Finally, ACTED created map layers using mapping software and these are to be presented on an interactive internet site. The survey was done in two stages under two different projects, starting with southern Kyrgyzstan (IRG-SEM) and then in a later phase northern Kyrgyzstan (COMTACA). Government data is available at the district and community levels for the following categories: Bazaars, Culture and Sports, Education, Employment, Factories, Healthcare, Land use, Livestock, Population, Production, Territory, Vulnerability Occupancy.

Date: 2010




TASK Baseline Survey
TASK Baseline Survey

Socio-Economic Mapping

Theme: Inter Agency Peacebulding Baseline assessment on conflicts, security, dispute resolution, Inter- and Intra- community relations and youth.

Data source: ACTED field analyses. Perceptions of Peace and Stability in South Kyrgyzstan - TASK project.

Description: The survey was conducted by ACTED and DCA, building on TASK’s existing experiences of conflict prevention in the Ferghana Valley, and borrowing practices from the international literature of monitoring and evaluation in the peacebuilding and conflict mitigation sectors. The survey tool includes indicators related to:
- The current trend of inter-communal violence and disputes in Kyrgyzstan
- The presence of factors that drive conflict or that promote peace in communities across South Kyrgyzstan, and their current levels of influence
- The existing ways communities respond to disputes and potential sources of conflicts and the effectiveness of these approaches and mechanisms
- The nature of inter- and intra-community relations across South Kyrgyzstan

Date: August 2012




ABA ROLI Survey
ABA ROLI Survey

Socio-Economic Mapping

Theme: Information on lawyers

Data Source: Data was taken from “Результаты исследования по вопросам развития адвокатского сообщества Кыргызской Республики” – “Survey results on the Kyrgyz Republic legal community development” report. Website.

Description: The survey was conducted within the project "Reform of Criminal Law of the Kyrgyz Republic", financed by Bureau of law enforcement and the fight against international drug trafficking U.S. State Department. The survey is characterization of the state legal community of the Kyrgyz Republic on September 2012. For definition the needs of lawyers and current issues of advocacy and professional training was defined interviewing among lawyers, the results of which identified the most pressing questions. Questionnaire was conducted at the regional level, covering Osh and Bishkek cities. The total number of respondents is 200 lawyers.

Date: September 2012




M-Vector Media Analysis
M-Vector Media Analysis

Socio-Economic Mapping

Theme: Primary information source (Internet, Radio, Newspapers and Magazines, TV, Family and Friends) of people in different provinces of Kyrgyz Republic in their general life.

Source of data: M-Vector analyses data. Media Consumption & Consumer Perceptions Baseline (link).

Description: The mass media (media) are one of the most important institutions of modern society. They perform multiple functions: inform, educate, promote, entertain. Obviously, they play an important role in the formation, functioning and evolution of social consciousness as a whole. Moreover, the perception and interpretation of key events and developments in the country and the world at large, carried out through and with help of media. These circumstances are of particular relevance and importance of the growing penetration of media in political and public sphere, their transformation into one of the most important tools for the implementation of social processes. And at the moment issues of accessibility and the level of penetration of the mass media are becoming increasingly political and economic importances, especially given the recent events in the republic. This survey discusses the following questions: What sources of information are used by the people of Kyrgyzstan, how they assess the importance and reliability of these sources, what is the frequency of listening to the most popular media. «M-Vector» company team surveyed more than 2,000 respondents from seven regions of the Kyrgyz Republic. A study conducted by personal interview to determine: the ratings of TV channels, radio stations and print media, the most popular programs and columns, the average daily audience of TV and radio, view duration and scope, market share and popularity of the media, as well as the perception of social, economic and political situation in Kyrgyzstan.

Date: 2011




World Bank Economic Indicators
World Bank Economic Indicators

Socio-Economic Mapping

Theme: Poverty and market access.

Source of data: World Bank “Market Accessibility and Regional Maps: Kyrgyz Republic” report provided by Brian Blankespoor. You can find the reports here:
- Regional Welfare Disparities
- Regional Market Accessibility
- Poverty Mapping Methodology and Key Findings

Description: Access to markets is argued to have a significant role in development. In order to quantify the access of places to markets, policy makers are showing increasing interest in accessibility indicators (Yoshida and Deichmann 2009). This report seeks to examine the spatial relationship of access to market in the Kyrgyz Republic using a recent census and household survey in order to identify possible linkages with rates of poverty and other micro (spatial) information. This analysis uses the Market Accessibility Index that measures the potential connectivity between village/towns and big cities via the transport network. Results show that high Market Accessibility is located near the large cities with a concentration of infrastructure, while low access is more in the rural areas. Future work will use this indicator in economic models to statistical identify its significance with regards to per capita expenditure and poverty.

Date: 2013




Community Dispute Analyses
Community Dispute Analyses

Integrated Environmental Planning



Theme: Results from NGO assessments of the potential of conflict in a wide variety of Kyrgyz communities related to crucial resources.

Source of data: ACTED field staff analyses

Description: The community-level conflict analysis research, or micro-level survey, was conducted in 65 communities by project IRG-SEM, 30 communities by project COMTACA and 63 by TASK in Southern Kyrgyzstan known for their history of significant intercommunal conflict or tension. The micro approach relied on community-level focus groups to allow conflict prone populations to discuss the major socio-economic changes in their communities over the past ten years. These changes were then analyzed to determine how the community’s relationship to neighbouring communities, authorities and other key stakeholders by these changes. The list of communities to be targeted by the project team was compiled based on scholarly research conducted on conflict in the region. Additionally, the subsequent stakeholder analysis involving interviews off-key agencies working in the peace building sector was undertaken to identify communities with histories of conflict and tension in the region. A minimum of three focus groups were conducted in each community: one for community leaders, one for women and one focused on the perspective of youths in the community. Where there were important ethnic or economic divides within the community, additional focus groups were organized to ensure that all of the stakeholders in that community were able to contribute to the conflict analysis. In assessing changes in communities, the research divided the history of each community into one section on demographic change and six chapters on its socio-economic landscape: drinking water, education, health care, crop agriculture, animal husbandry and tertiary economic activities.

Date: 2011 - 2012




Landuse - Forestry
Landuse - Forestry

Integrated Environmental Planning

Theme: Reserves and Natural parks, Forestry “Leshoz”

Data Source: Agency of Forestry of Kyrgyz Republic. Website.

Description: Written by DEM and terrain of the state forest fund (SFF) and protected areas (PAs), the outer limits of digitized horizontally based on the topographic map of 1:25000 scale Forestry Department of the State Agency for Environmental Protection and Forestry under the Government of the Kyrgyz Republic. Forestry Department follows the regulations approved by the Government of the Kyrgyz Republic on June 29, 2012 № 463.

Date: 2012




MoES Historical Natural Disaster Data
MoES Historical Natural Disaster Data

Integrated Environmental Planning

Theme: Natural disasters statistics (separated by type: Avalanches, Mudflows, Slow Oneset Floods, Storms, Landslides, Earthquakes).

Data Source: Ministry of Emergency Situations. Website.

Description: Natural Disasters data includes statistics on the number of registered natural disaster occurred in the Kyrgyz Republic for the period 2000 to 2009.

Date: 2000 - 2009




Community Hazard Vulnerability Assessments
Community Hazard Vulnerability Assessments

Integrated Environmental Planning

Theme: Hazard Vulnerability Assessments done at the community (mahalla) level, with analysis of hazard vulnerability risk according to different risk factors.

Source of data: Hazard Vulnerability Assessments were conducted by ACTED, under the framework of the DIPECHO VII project, in selected communities in Tajikistan (26) and Kyrgyzstan.

Description: Information was collected through a Hazard and Vulnerability Assessment (HVA) process at community level in association with key members of the community. Data was reviewed in the field by CoES representatives in Tajikistan and by the former Deputy Head of MoES Batken Oblast, now an independent consultant, in Kyrgyzstan. A DRR expert was also consulted to ensure that the data matched disaster conditions on the ground and accurately reflected the level of risk faced by target communities.

Village level data was collected based as a participatory community data collection process. Communities identified, including through a participatory mapping exercise, risk zones and hazard points in consultation with community mobilization staff and international DRR experts. Community mobilizers recorded this data in a standardized HVA format, and by recording spatial data using a handheld GPS device. Spatial information was then translated by data collectors into KMZ files. Community hazard and vulnerability information, in the form of HVAs and KMZs, were then given to the GIS team, who then produced static Hazard Vulnerability maps and Passports based on the information gathered in the field.

Note: Each assessment is dated to indicate that the assessment provides information about the situation at that time, with the acknowledgement that mitigation works, construction, additional training, changing weather, or other factors may alter the hazard vulnerability situation in any given village at any time.

Date: July 2013




Shelter Damage Assessment 2010
Shelter Damage Assessment 2010
Following the violent clashes that broke out in Southern Kyrgyzstan on 10th June 2010, significant damage was inflicted on properties in the affected Oblasts of Osh and Jalalabad. To facilitate the humanitarian response for transitional shelter construction members of the Shelter Cluster, established by the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) in Osh, launched a joint survey to assess the extent of the damage to housing. This joint shelter assessment was conducted between the 3rd and 23rd July 2010. The assessment was led and supervised by UNHCR with teams seconded from ACTED, STC, CRS, STLI and the Red Crescent Society of Kyrgyzstan The aim of this assessment was to:

- Provide an exhaustive census of all houses damaged or destroyed during the June events, and present evidence of damage to avoid misunderstandings over numbers;

- Provide a basic picture of the extent and type of damage per house and map locations to facilitate programme implementation;

- Gather contact details and basic demographic information about affected households.